By Frank J. Convery
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Extra info for Applying environmental economics in Africa, Volumes 23-277
In preparing and implementing the first NEAPs, economics was used sparingly because the techniques and the skills available to do so were in short supply. This paper grew out of the desire to fill this gapto show how environmental economics could and should be used to improve the quality of decision masking. I have written the piece for the practitioner in the fieldthe decision maker or analyst who cannot wait for more data and research and needs to shape decisions being made today. The text is drafted in an easy-to-read style, accessible to noneconomists with a minimum use of mathematics and graphs.
1 Environmental Economics Environmental economics concerns ensuring that the manner in which this shared environmental endowment is used is consistent with achieving the best for our economic and social well-being. Environmental economics, although intellectually rooted in the traditions of microeconomics and welfare economics, is perforce also central to macroeconomic management, because the effectiveness with which the environmental endowment is managed will significantly influence the performance of the economy overall.
Chapter 3: Environmental management as development strategy. It is all too easy to become obsessed by environment as a problem rather than a dynamic for positive development. Every country in Africa and many elsewhere are grappling with the twin challenges of bringing government expenditure into line with receipts and providing a set of economic, social, and environmental policies that will generate a sustainable development path. " There is considerable debate on the effectiveness of such policies; in practice, they have been implemented with little formal advertence to the environmental dimensions.